Are there peer-reviewed research on Type-Based Weight Loss?

Each Fat Loss Fast Start: Weight Loss Type booklet is fully referenced. The references in the booklet is located at the end of the "Winning Moves" section. For convenience, here’s a list of references for the diet, exercise and lifestyle strategies (“Winning Moves”) that are recommended for each Weight Loss Type:

Type A (Adiponectin) Winning Moves

Imatoh T, Tanihara S, Miyazaki M, et al. Coffee consumption but not green tea consumption is associated with adiponectin levels in Japanese males. Eur J Nutr. 2011;50(4):279-284. PMID: 20953616.

Kotani K, Hazama A, Hagimoto A, et al. Adiponectin and smoking status: a systematic review. J Atheroscler Thromb. 2012;19(9):787-794. PMID: 22653164.

Mantzoros CS, Williams CJ, Manson JE, Meigs JB, Hu FB. Adherence to the Mediterranean dietary pattern is positively associated with plasma adiponectin concentrations in diabetic women. Am J Clin Nutr. 2006;84(2):328-335. PMID: 16895879.

Murakami K, Sasaki S, Uenishi K; Japan Dietetic Students’ Study for Nutrition and Biomarkers Group. Serum adiponectin concentration in relation to macronutrient and food intake in young Japanese women. Nutrition. 2013;29(11-12):1315-1320. PMID: 24012281.

Paniagua JA, Gallego de la Sacristana A, Romero I, et al. Monounsaturated fat-rich diet prevents central body fat distribution and decreases postprandial adiponectin expression induced by a carbohydrate-rich diet in insulin-resistant subjects. Diabetes Care. 2007;30(7):1717-1723. PMID:17384344.

Takefuji S, Yatsuya H, Tamakoshi K, et al. Smoking status and adiponectin in healthy Japanese men and women. Prev Med. 2007; 45: 471-475.

Vaidya A, Williams JS, Forman JP. The independent association between 25-hydroxyvitamin D and adiponectin and its relation with BMI in two large cohorts: the NHS and the HPFS. Obesity. 2012;20(1):186-191. PMID: 21760630.

Wu JH, Cahill LE, Mozaffarian D. Effect of fish oil on circulating adiponectin: a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2013;98(6):2451-2459. PMID: 23703724.

Yeung EH, Appel LJ, Miller ER 3rd, Kao WH. The effects of macronutrient intake on total and high-molecular weight adiponectin: results from the OMNI-Heart trial. Obesity. 2010;18(8):1632-1637. PMID: 19876001.

Type C (Cortisol) Winning Moves

Badrick E, Bobak M, Kumari M. The relationship between alcohol consumption and cortisol secretion in an aging cohort. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2008;93:750-757. PMID: 18073316.

Bains GS, Berk LS, Daher N, et al. The effect of humor on short-term memory in older adults: a new component for whole-person wellness. Adv Mind Body Med. 2014;28(2):16-24. PMID:24682001.

Banel DK, Hu FB. Effects of walnut consumption on blood lipids and other cardiovascular risk factors: a meta-analysis and systematic review. Am J Clin Nutr. 2009;90(1):56-63. PMID: 19458020.

Gavrieli A, Yannakoulia M, Fragopoulou E, et al. Caffeinated coffee does not acutely affect energy intake, appetite, or inflammation but prevents serum cortisol concentrations from falling in healthy men. J Nutr. 2011;141(4):703-707. PMID: 21346100.

Jazayeri S, Keshavarz SA, Tehrani-Doost M, et al. Effects of eicosapentaenoic acid and fluoxetine on plasma cortisol, serum interleukin-1beta and interleukin-6 concentrations in patients with major depressive disorder. Psychiatry Res. 2010;178(1):112-115. PMID: 20466437.

Leardi S, Pietroletti R, Angeloni G, et al. Randomized clinical trial examining the effect of music therapy in stress response to day surgery. Br J Surg. 2007;94(8):943-947. PMID: 17636513.

Leproult R, Copinschi G, Buxton O, Van Cauter E. Sleep loss results in an elevation of cortisol levels the next evening. Sleep. 1997;20(10):865-870. PMID: 9415946.

Lovallo WR, Whitsett TL, al'Absi M, Sung BH, Vincent AS, Wilson MF. Caffeine stimulation of cortisol secretion across the waking hours in relation to caffeine intake levels. Psychosom Med. 2005;67(5):734-739. PMID: 16204431.

Michaeli B, Berger MM, Revelly JP, Tappy L, Chioléro R. Effects of fish oil on the neuro-endocrine responses to an endotoxin challenge in healthy volunteers. Clin Nutr. 2007;26(1):70-77. PMID: 17055120.

Moreira A, Kekkonen RA, Delgado L, et al. Nutritional modulation of exercise-induced immunodepression in athletes: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Eur J Clin Nutr. 2007;61(4):443-460. PMID: 17136044.

Regehr C, Glancy D, Pitts A. Interventions to reduce stress in university students: a review and meta-analysis. J Affect Disord. 2013;148(1):1-11. PMID: 23246209.

Thirthalli J, Naveen GH, Rao MG, Varambally S, Christopher R, Gangadhar BN. Cortisol and antidepressant effects of yoga. Indian J Psychiatry. 2013;55(Suppl 3):S405-S408. PMID: 24049209.

Type G (Ghrelin) Winning Moves

Adams CE, Greenway FL, Brantley PJ. Lifestyle factors and ghrelin: critical review and implications for weight loss maintenance. Obes Rev. 2011;12:e211-e218. PMID: 20604869.

Akhavan T, Luhovyy BL, Brown PH, Cho CE, Anderson GH. Effect of premeal consumption of whey protein and its hydrolysate on food intake and postmeal glycemia and insulin responses in young adults. Am J Clin Nutr. 2010;91(4):966-75. PMID: 20164320.

Andrade AM, Greene GW, Melanson KJ. Eating slowly led to decreases in energy intake within meals in healthy women. J Am Diet Assoc. 2008;108(7):1186-1191. PMID: 18589027.

Crabtree DR, Blannin AK. Effects of exercise in the cold on ghrelin, PYY and food intake in overweight adults. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2014 May 27. [Epub ahead of print] PMID: 24870575.

Davy BM, Dennis EA, Dengo AL, Wilson KL, Davy KP. Water consumption reduces energy intake at a breakfast meal in obese older adults. J Am Diet Assoc. 2008;108(7):1236-1239. PMID: 18589036.

Erdmann J, Tahbaz R, Lippl F, Wagenpfeil S, Schusdziarra V. Plasma ghrelin levels during exercise: effects of intensity and duration. Regul Pept. 2007;143(1-3):127-135. Epub 2007 May 10. PMID: 17570540.

Flood JE, Rolls BJ. Soup preloads in a variety of forms reduce meal energy intake. Appetite. 2007;49(3):626-634. PMID: 17574705.

Hogenkamp PS, Nilsson E, Nilsson VC, et al. Acute sleep deprivation increases portion size and affects food choice in young men. Psychoneuroendocrinology. 2013;38(9):1668-1674. PMID: 23428257.

Li J, Zhang N, Hu L, et al. Improvement in chewing activity reduces energy intake in one meal and modulates plasma gut hormone concentrations in obese and lean young Chinese men. Am J Clin Nutr. 2011;94(3):709-716. PMID: 21775556.

Ludy MJ, Moore GE, Mattes RD. The effects of capsaicin and capsiate on energy balance: critical review and meta-analyses of studies in humans. Chem Senses. 2012;37(2):103-121. PMID: 22038945.

Maruyama K, Sato S, Ohira T, et al. The joint impact on being overweight of self reported behaviours of eating quickly and eating until full: cross sectional survey. BMJ. 2008;337:a2002. PMID: 18940848.

Nilsson A, Johansson E, Ekström L, Björck I. Effects of a brown beans evening meal on metabolic risk markers and appetite regulating hormones at a subsequent standardized breakfast: a randomized cross-over study. PLoS One. 2013;8(4):e59985. PMID: 23577078.

Popkin BM, Barclay DV, Nielsen SJ. Water and food consumption patterns of U.S. adults from 1999 to 2001. Obes Res. 2005;13(12):2146-2152. PMID: 16421349.

Ratliff J, Leite JO, de Ogburn R, et al. Consuming eggs for breakfast influences plasma glucose and ghrelin, while reducing energy intake during the next 24 hours in adult men. Nutr Res. 2010;30(2):96-103. PMID: 20226994.

Sengupta K, Mishra AT, Rao MK, et al. Efficacy of an herbal formulation LI10903F containing Dolichos biflorus and Piper betle extracts on weight management. Lipids Health Dis. 2012;11:176-184. PMID: 23270333.

Stokes KA, Sykes D, Gilbert KL, Chen JW, Frystyk J. Brief, high intensity exercise alters serum ghrelin and growth hormone concentrations but not IGF-I, IGF-II or IGF-I bioactivity. Growth Horm IGF Res. 2010;20(4):289-294. PMID: 20472480.

Taheri S, Lin L, Austin D, Young T, Mignot E. Short sleep duration is associated with reduced leptin, elevated ghrelin, and increased body mass index. PLoS Med. 2004;1(3):e62. PMID: 15602591.

Van Ittersum K and Wansink B. Plate size and color suggestibility: the Delboeuf illusion's bias on serving and eating behavior. J Consum Res. 2012;39(2):215-228.

Wakisaka S, Nagai H, Mura E, Matsumoto T, Moritani T, Nagai N. The effects of carbonated water upon gastric and cardiac activities and fullness in healthy young women. J Nutr Sci Vitaminol. 2012;58(5):333-338. PMID: 23327968.

Type I (Insulin) Winning Moves

Ajala O, English P, Pinkney J. Systematic review and meta-analysis of different dietary approaches to the management of type 2 diabetes. Am J Clin Nutr. 2013;97(3):505-516. PMID: 23364002.

Akhavan T, Luhovyy BL, Brown PH, Cho CE, Anderson GH. Effect of premeal consumption of whey protein and its hydrolysate on food intake and postmeal glycemia and insulin responses in young adults. Am J Clin Nutr. 2010;91(4):966-75. PMID:20164320.

Buxton OM, Pavlova M, Reid EW, et al. Sleep restriction for 1 week reduces insulin sensitivity in healthy men. Diabetes. 2010;59(9):2126-2133. PMID: 20585000.

Cramer H, Lauche R, Haller H, Steckhan N, Michalsen A, Dobos G. Effects of yoga on cardiovascular disease risk factors: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Int J Cardiol. 2014;173(2):170-183. PMID: 24636547.

Irvine C, Taylor NF. Progressive resistance exercise improves glycaemic control in people with type 2 diabetes mellitus: a systematic review. Aust J Physiother. 2009;55(4):237-46. PMID: 19929766.

Jennings JR, Muldoon MF, Hall M, Buysse DJ, Manuck SB. Self-reported sleep quality is associated with the metabolic syndrome. Sleep. 2007;30(2):219-223. PMID: 17326548.

Kellow NJ, Coughlan MT, Reid CM. Metabolic benefits of dietary prebiotics in human subjects: a systematic review of randomised controlled trials. Br J Nutr. 2014;111(7):1147-1161. PMID: 24230488.

Liu K, Zhou R, Wang B, et al. Effect of green tea on glucose control and insulin sensitivity: a meta-analysis of 17 randomized controlled trials. Am J Clin Nutr. 2013;98(2):340-348. PMID: 23803878.

Schwingshackl L, Hoffmann G. Long-term effects of low glycemic index/load vs. high glycemic index/load diets on parameters of obesity and obesity-associated risks: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Nutr Metab Cardiovasc Dis. 2013;23(8):699-706. PMID: 23786819.

Silva FM, Kramer CK, de Almeida JC, et al. Fiber intake and glycemic control in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus: a systematic review with meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. Nutr Rev. 2013;71(12):790-801. PMID: 24180564.

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